Thursday, August 20, 2009

H1N1 - langkah-langkah yg perlu diambil tahu

Posted by NaZa at 3:03 PM
jumpa dlm forum.. saje nk share ngn seme and untuk pengetahuan aku juga.
semalam dok riso ngn adik lelaki aku. dia demam panas, batuk selsema...
dah la sekolah tempat dia ngajo ramai yg batuk selsema seme..
pi klinik, doc kt situ bleh plak just bagi ubat batuk je..
temperature seme xcheck pun. hampeh tul..
dia dah demam 2/3 hari...
aku ckp kt dia, klu makin teruk pi spital.. tp budak lelaki kan selambe jela..
org lain plak riso ke dia...
tapi tadi dia ckp demam dah ok, cuma batuk selsema..
suh beli habatus sauda, vitamin lain2 seme xnak, lg bagus makan nasi.
sabo jela... harap2 xde apa-apa...


How do I care for an ill person at home? What if I need care at home?


Basicmeasures:


  • Separate the ill person from others, at least one metre in distance from others, possibly in a separate room..
  • Cover your mouth and nose when caring for the ill person. Either commercial or home-made materials are fine, as long as they are disposed of or cleaned properly after use.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water thoroughly after each contact with the ill person.
  • Improve the air flow where the ill person is staying. Use doors and windows to take advantage of breezes.
  • Keep the environment clean with readily available household cleaning agents.
  • If you are living in a country where influenza A(H1N1) infections have been reported, follow additional advice from your national and local health authorities.
  • Infants should not be cared for by sick family members.
  • If possible, sick persons should use a separate bathroom. This bathroom should be cleaned daily with household disinfectant.
  • The sick person should not have visitors other than caregivers. A phone call is safer than a visit.
  • If possible, have only one adult in the home take care of the sick person.
o Avoid having pregnant women care for the sick person. (Pregnant women are at increased risk of influenza-related complications and immunity can be suppressed during pregnancy).

o Avoid having sick family members care for infants and other groups at high risk for complications of influenza.

o All persons in the household should clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub frequently, including after every contact with the sick person or the person’s room or bathroom.

o Use paper towels for drying hands after hand washing or dedicate cloth towels to each person in the household. For example, have different colored towels for each person.

o If possible, consideration should be given to maintaining good ventilation in shared household areas (e.g., keeping windows open in restrooms, kitchen, bathroom, etc.).

o Antiviral medications can be used to prevent the flu, so check with your health care provider to see if some persons in the home should use antiviral medications.

When to Seek Emergency Medical Care

Get medical care right away if the sick person at home:
o Has difficulty breathing or chest pain
o Has purple or blue discoloration of the lips
o Is vomiting and unable to keep liquids down
o Shows signs of dehydration such as dizziness when standing, absence of urination, or in infants, a lack of tears when they cry
o Has seizures (for example, uncontrolled convulsions)
o Is less responsive than normal or becomes confused

If the care-giver is in a high-risk group:

o If you are at high risk of influenza associated complications, you should not be the designated caretaker, if possible.

o If you are in a high risk group for complications from influenza, you should attempt to avoid close contact (within 6 feet) with household members who are sick with influenza.

o Designate a person who is not at high risk of flu associated complications as the primary caretaker of household members who are sick with influenza, if at all possible.

o If close contact with a sick individual is unavoidable, consider wearing a facemask or respirator, if available and tolerable.

Household Cleaning, Laundry, and Waste Disposal

o Throw away tissues and other disposable items used by the sick person in the trash. Wash your hands after touching used tissues and similar waste.

o Keep surfaces (especially bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, and toys for children) clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant according to directions on the product label.

o Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first.

o Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using household laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting. Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating yourself.

o Clean your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub right after handling dirty laundry.

o Eating utensils should be washed either in a dishwasher or by hand with water and soap

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